Also known as "The Gulf War" or "The Persian Gulf War " it began when then Iraqi dictator, Sadam Hussein, invaded his neighboring country of Kuwait in an effort to annex this country to his. Hussein had accused Kuwait of overproduction of oil and also stealing oil from his Rumailia oil fields by angle drilling across the Iraqi border.
The United Nations issued sanctions against Iraq with the support of the United States and tried to diplomatically end the invasion. This attempt continued until the initial air war was announced by Marlin Fitzwater on 16 January, 1991.
A ground war was initiated on 21 February, 1991 by U.S. Army, Marines and Arab forces. In less than 100 hours the City of Kuwait had been liberated. By March 3rd, 1991 the Iraqi leadership had accepted a provisional truce and a permanent cease-fire on April 6, 1991.